Reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), approved in New York in 2015, by 2030 in the most appropriate, inclusive and equitable way, calls for deep transformations in our societies. In particular, this will require addressing a number of intertwinned challenges concerning food, climate change, biodiversity, health, inequality and poverty and to enable transformative changes across multiple interconnected systems (land, water, health, food, environmental, and socio-economic systems).

In the decade 2020-2030, it is expected that researchers, in partnership with stakeholders, policymakers and actor on the ground, will not only provide knowledge to better understand major environmental and societal issues and their implications, but also provide options to engage in deep and necessarily innovative transformations towards sustainability.

Despite ongoing efforts, in particular in the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR 2019), we lack a science process to deliver integrated understanding on SDGs as a nexus. Furthermore, delivering integrative and actionable knowledge (Arnott et al., 2020) to meet Agenda 2030 raises many questions: how to re-legitimate scientific
knowledge and preserve scientific integrity and ethics; avoid silos; coproduce knowledge with users, and promote iterative processes to deliver knowledge addressing the diversity of contexts, uncertainties and complexity? Would this require changes in institutions, in international research cooperation and in science-policy dialogue?

Cite this Paper as: Jean-Francois Soussana, Claire Weill, Patrick Caron, Jean Luc Chotte, Pierre-Benoît Joly, et al.. International Science Foresight Workshop : Global Challenges and Research Gaps. The Royaumont process. [Research Report] INRAE. 2021, 25 p. ⟨hal-03167966⟩

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